Review of Indian Agriculture Sector 2022-23 Key Statistics

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Here’s the information from the Year-End Review 2022 of the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.

This article summarizes key developments in the Indian agriculture sector 2022-23, presented in an easy-to-understand bullet format and tables for agriculture students and teachers. It compiles the latest statistics and data on production, exports, schemes, infrastructure – including information on PM-KISAN, soil health cards, farm mechanization, horticulture and foodgrain output, agricultural exports growth in 2021-22, integrated agriculture markets through e-NAM, etc.

Topic Key Highlights
Record Agricultural Production Foodgrain production reaches all-time high of 315.72 million tonnes (in 2022), Highest ever horticulture production of 342.33 million MT (in 2021-22)
National Mission on Edible Oils-Oil Palm Approved with outlay of Rs 11,040 crore, Aims to cover additional 6.5 lakh hectares under oil palm in 5 years, Focuses on viability price for farmers’ produce
Procurement from Farmers In 2020-21: 12.12 million MT procured, benefiting 7 lakh farmers, In 2021-22: 31.09 million MT procured, benefiting 14.69 lakh farmers
PM-KISAN Rs 2 lakh crore released to 11 crore farmers (as of Dec 2022)
PMFBY Claims of over Rs 1.28 lakh crore paid to 38 crore enrolled farmers (as of Dec 2022)
Organic Farming 16 lakh farmers covered under PKVY, Natural farming promoted – 4 lakh hectares covered, 1.73 lakh hectares covered under North East organic mission
Agricultural Exports Jumped 20% from USD 41.86 billion (2020-21) to USD 50.24 billion (2021-22), Wheat and rice exports increased significantly
Agricultural Mechanization Over 13 lakh machines provided to farmers at subsidy, 18,824 custom hiring centers set up, Promoting drone usage for spraying and monitoring

  1. Record food grains and horticulture production:
    • Food grain production has reached 315.72 million tonnes in December 2022, the highest ever recorded.
    • Horticulture production has increased to 342.33 million MT during 2021-22, the highest ever for Indian horticulture.
  2. Launch of the National Mission for Edible Oils – Oil Palm (NMEO):
    • The NMEO has been approved with a total outlay of Rs. 11,040 crore.
    • It aims to bring an additional area of 6.5 lakh hectares under Oil Palm plantation in the next 5 years.
    • The mission focuses on providing viability prices of fresh fruit bunches (FFBs) to farmers and ensuring assured procurement by the industry.
  3. Increase in procurement from farmers:
    • The government has procured a significant quantity of pulses, oilseeds, and copra from farmers at Minimum Support Prices (MSP).
    • In the cropping year 2020-21, 12,11,619.39 MT of Pulses and Oilseeds were procured, benefiting 7,06,552 farmers.
    • In 2021-22, 31,08,941.96 MT of pulses, oilseeds, and copra were procured, benefiting 14,68,699 farmers.
    • Similar procurement has been carried out in the Kharif seasons of 2021-22 and 2022-23.
  4. Income support to farmers through PM KISAN:
    • The PM-KISAN scheme provides income support of Rs. 6000 per year to farmers in three equal installments.
    • As of December 2022, more than Rs. 2 lakh crore has been released to over 11 crore eligible farmers.
  5. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY):
    • PMFBY aims to provide insurance coverage and financial support to farmers in case of crop damage.
    • Over 38 crore enrolled applicant farmers have received claims of over Rs. 1,28,522 crore till December 2022.
  6. Promotion of organic farming in the country:
    • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
      • Launched in 2015-16 to promote organic farming
      • 32,384 clusters formed covering 6.53 lakh hectares
      • Benefited over 16 lakh farmers
    • Natural Farming
      • Promoted on Ganga banks in UP, UK, Bihar – 4 lakh hectares covered
      • Bharatiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati scheme proposed to promote natural farming
    • North East Organic Mission
      • Launched Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North East
      • Formed 379 Farmer Producer Companies covering 1.73 lakh hectares
      • Benefited over 1.89 lakh farmers
    • Organic Certification
      • Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) launched – lowest cost certification
      • Over 13 lakh small farmers PGS certified
      • Jaivikkheti portal launched to link farmers to consumers
      • Large area certification introduced for remote areas like islands
  7. Export of Agri and Allied Agri- Commodities:
    • Total agricultural exports increased by nearly 20% from USD 41.86 billion in 2020-21 to USD 50.24 billion in 2021-22.
    • Wheat – growth of 273% (exports of USD 2.12 billion)
    • Non-basmati rice – growth of 27% (exports of USD 6.12 billion)
    • Raw cotton – growth of 48% (exports of USD 2.82 billion)
    • Castor oil – growth of 28% (exports of USD 1.18 billion)
    • Other cereals – growth of 54% (exports of USD 1.09 billion)
    • Coffee – growth of 42% (exports of USD 1.02 billion)
    • Fresh fruits – growth of 14% (exports of USD 0.88 billion)
    • Total agri exports were USD 30.21 billion compared to USD 26.98 billion in same period of 2021-22.
    • This shows a growth of 11% in the first 7 months of 2022-23 financial year.
  8. Agricultural Mechanization:
    • Government allocated over Rs 5,400 crore for farm mechanization from 2014-15 to 2021-22
    • Over 13 lakh machines like tractors, power tillers etc. provided to farmers at subsidized rates
    • 18,824 custom hiring centers set up to rent farm machinery
    • 16,791 farm machinery banks created to give farmers access
    • Over 2 lakh machines provided in Punjab, Haryana etc. to address crop residue burning
    • Drones promoted for pesticide spraying, nutrients – 317 drones provided for demos in farmers’ fields
  9. e-NAM (electronic National Agriculture Market):
    • Integrated 1,260 wholesale produce markets from 22 States and 3 Union Territories on one online platform
    • Allows farmers and traders to sell and buy agri produce online across markets
    • Registered 1.74 crore farmers and 2.37 lakh traders on e-NAM portal
    • Recorded trade of Rs 2.33 lakh crore via e-NAM since launch
  10. Cluster Development Programme:
    • Launched to promote integrated, market-led development of 12 horticulture clusters
    • Cluster gap assessment completed to identify focus areas
    • Cluster development agencies appointed in all 12 clusters
  11. Fixing MSP at 1.5 times Cost of Production
    • Government has fixed MSPs for all Kharif, Rabi and other crops at minimum 1.5 times the cost of production
    • Ensures 50% profit margin for farmers over their cost of cultivation
    • For 2022-23, MSP increased significantly (per quintal):
      • Paddy (Common) – Rs. 2,040
      • Wheat – Rs. 2,125
  12. Institutional Credit for Agriculture
    • Institutional credit for agriculture sector increased from Rs. 16.5 lakh crore in January 2022 to Rs. 18.5 lakh crore in December 2022
    • Concessional crop loans are provided through Kisan Credit Cards (KCC)
    • Special drive undertaken to cover all PM-KISAN beneficiaries under KCC
    • 377 lakh new KCCs sanctioned with credit limit of Rs. 4.3 lakh crore
  13. Soil Health Cards
    • Launched in 2015 to provide crop-wise nutrient recommendations
    • Over 23 crore Soil Health Cards issued to farmers across two cycles:
      • Cycle I (2015-17) – 10.74 crore cards
      • Cycle II (2017-19) – 11.97 crore cards
  14. National Beekeeping & Honey Mission (NBHM)
    • Launched in 2020 under Atmanirbhar Bharat
    • Allocated Rs 500 crore budget from 2020-2023
    • 114 projects sanctioned with assistance of Rs 139 crores
    • Aims to aid beekeepers, boost honey production
  15. Micro Irrigation Fund
    • Dedicated Rs 5,000 crore fund created with NABARD
    • Corpus increased to Rs 10,000 crore in 2021-22 budget
    • Projects worth Rs 4,710 crore approved covering 17 lakh hectares
    • Provides subsidized loans for drip, sprinkler irrigation
  16. Per Drop More Crop
    • Launched in 2015-16 to improve water efficiency through micro irrigation
    • Promotes drip and sprinkler irrigation through subsidies
    • 69.55 lakh hectare area covered under micro irrigation as of December 2022
    • Helps reduce water usage and improve yields
  17. Creation of Start-up Ecosystem in Agriculture
    • Initiative to promote agri start-ups and agribusiness incubators
    • 799 start-ups selected by agribusiness incubators as of January 2022
    • Support provided through grants – Rs 63 crore grants released so far
    • Number of start-ups supported increased to 1,055 as of December 2022
  18. Promotion of Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs)
    • New central scheme launched in 2020 to form and promote 10,000 FPOs
    • Allocated budget of Rs 6,865 crore
    • Aims to provide better access to finance, technology, inputs for small farmers
    • 4,016 FPOs registered under the scheme as of December 2022

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